The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of Cassation was established at the beginning of operation of the Court in 2010; it was however extended by the amendments and supplements to the Law on Organization of Courts implemented on 22 May 2014.
Considering the position of the Supreme Court of Cassation as the highest court in the Republic of Serbia, its jurisdiction is established along two main lines of action, in-trial and out-of-trial.
In-trial, the Supreme Court of Cassation decides:
- On extraordinary legal remedies against the decisions of the courts of the Republic of Serbia and on other matters specified by law,
- On a conflict of jurisdiction between the courts, unless another court is competent,
- On the transfer of jurisdiction aimed at facilitation of proceedings, or for other important reasons.
Out-of-trial jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of Cassation:
- Ensures uniform application of the law and equality of parties in court proceedings;
- Reviews the application of the laws and regulations and the work of the courts;
- Appoints the judges of the Constitutional Court;
- Provides an opinion on a candidate for President of the Supreme Court of Cassation;
- And performs other tasks specified by law.
The Supreme Court of Cassation decides in the protection of the right to trial within a reasonable time:
- In the first instance, on the requests for the protection of the right to trial within a reasonable time if the request relates to proceedings pending before the Commercial Appellate Court, the Misdemeanor Appellate Court or the Administrative Court; and
- On the appeal against the decision on the request for the protection of the right to trial within a reasonable time issued by a lower court.